Humanitarianism had its own history, and that is not unknown to all. And each and every event that has struck this world has left a deep impact on it equally. However, the Cold War had its own impact, and along with it, the concept and practice of humanitarianism have gone under a sea change. As the entire social scenario changed, there were some complex challenges that everyone faced across the society. The basic concepts and principles of humanitarianism were impartiality and neutrality. But standing in the current say scenario, those basic necessities were considered to be not enough.
As a result of it, Sam Zherka who not only practices humanitarianism but also is involved in studying deep comes up with an interesting aspect. As the last decade of the 20th century progressed, there was a new trend of humanitarianism that came up in practice, and it not only had broader perspectives but even the objectives were set keeping the long-term approach in mind. Since the political and economic scenario changed over the years, new humanitarianism had to deal with the militarized actions that were taking place all over the world. So there were definitely some changes in the trends, and hence a couple of dilemmas had to be sorted out as well.
So as the new world came up to the front, the relationship between aid and politics has even gone through a massive change. One that was considered to be humane now went to be a part of government policies which led out the strategies to transform conflicts into peace and promote more of human rights. The classic concept of humanitarianism had already failed by the time this new world evolved, but the liberal development and participative democracy looked forward to changing the failed paradigms.
So, if there is some change, there will be some challenges for sure. There were some serious problems that affected directly the on-field activities carried out by the humanitarian agencies. However, the complications do not end with just this. There’s another side of the story as well. There’s a negative conditionality which has been incorporated in this new humanitarianism, and Sam Zherka realizes that such a change implied similar dilemmas within the concept or discipline.
As time passed by, the borders between the various types of aid kept on blurring, and hence more and more participating countries tried to extend their helping hands to the recipient countries. And so the political and economic conditions which were strictly associated with humanitarianism also intended for the change, and it was just a matter of time to wait and watch whether it could end up doing some good or not. Humanitarian laws and norms were never meant to be explicit on its own terms, but with the change in time, there have been some changes in the regularized policies as well. The tension was there and will be there irrespective of the change in time. Keeping a stimulated development was necessary only to keep the process moving.