Once a student pursuing Textile Designing course, asked her teacher about job opportunity as a Textile Designer. As an Indian youth who is always apprehensive about getting a well paying job, her concern was justified. But what her teacher told her is worth knowing… He smiled back at her and said, “Food, clothes and shelter are the three basic necessities of mankind. You are mastering the art of providing the second basic necessity. Why are you worried about your future?” Indeed a very powerful statement.
India has been one of the major clothing providers to the world for centuries. Through all the political and economic upheavals, the country has been able to hold on to the mast in world trade through its incredible textile industry. One of the oldest industries in the country, textile industry contributes up to 13 percent of the country’s export. Apart from being one of the largest contributors of India’s exports, textile industry, being a labor intensive industry, is also one of the mass employers in the country. According to the industry reports, the market size of the textile industry stands at USD 37.74 billion employing an estimated 105 million people.
Textile Industry – A Major Booster Of Small Scale Industry
Traditionally, the very foundation of Indian economy has been based on small scale industries. With gradual westernization, this basic structure fell apart in most of the sectors. However, the textile industry is still holding on to it.
The textile industry runs with the support of a number of small production houses. Perhaps the expanse of the textile or the apparel industry in India is such that you can’t get everything under the same roof. Each production unit supports the other. It is much like a relay race where the baton has to be handed over to the next person in the line in order to reach the finishing line.
Hence small communities of weavers, dyers, embroider and other craftsmen work separately in separate units. Getting it all done in the same factory is not possible. This is when we talk about the like of work. Further, if you learn about the different types of fabric, then each region in India has its own contribution to the industry. Like you can neither get nor manufacture a Chanderi Silk and a Kanjeevaram in the same place.
Talking about craftsmanship, again every region has its own signature style. Again you can’t get gota-patti and kantha work in the same place. All these small bits and pieces come together to give the textile industry of India its glorious look. Also there is a huge industry around the accessories that is required to give apparel its finished look such as the zari lace manufacturers in Surat, the buttons, tussles etc.
The Way Forward
The expanse of the textile industry is as vast as the geographical expanse of this country. The craftsmanship of each region has a very strong signature of its own. These are not just factory units but art houses that bear the smell of the soil of the region they come from. Taking place at a very grass root level mostly in rural areas they reflect the rich cultural heritage of the land. And all these skills and craftsmanship collectively make the backbone of the Indian textile industry.There are lots textile and fabrics suppliers in India.
Owing to high domestic as well as overseas demands, the textile industry in India is scaling new heights of success. With the rising disposable income and high purchase parity the demands is expected to be higher in times to come. As per industry reports, the sector is expected to touch USD 160 billion by 2025.